In a wet scrubber, water is sprayed or misted into the air stream to mix with the polluted air. The soluble pollutants in the air will dissolve into the water and be discharged safely in a waste water stream where they can be safely removed or converted to safe compounds.
Water used in a wet scrubber may be mixed with Hydrogen Peroxide, Chlorine Dioxide, or a variety of other chemicals to both improve pollution removal efficiency, and to maintain a clean, efficient wet scrubber. These chemicals may bond to pollutants, or convert the pollutant to a safe alternative using chemical reactions.
Ozone can also be used in the wet scrubber to improve wet scrubber efficiency, and reduce chemical costs. Ozone can be used in any wet scrubber where the process of oxidation offers synergistic effects with water. Ozone may directly oxidize pollutants in the dirty gas stream, oxidize contamination on the scrubber walls, or help increase the efficiency of water to trap pollution. While the use of ozone in wet scrubbers is fairly new, the rising costs of chemicals ensures ozone use in wet scrubbers has a very bright future.
Ozone reduces costs and increases efficiency:
As chemical costs rise, the costs to operate a wet scrubber go up. On going chemical costs can add up to very large operational costs. The use of ozone may reduce, or completely eliminate chemical usage drastically reducing the operational costs of a wets scrubber.
Many chemicals used in a wet scrubber remain in the waste water flowing from the wet scrubber basin. These chemicals may be undesirable, or costly to discharge. Ozone will maintain a clean, efficient wet scrubber and revert back to oxygen in the waste water stream.
Many wet scrubbers were designed to remove odor, however over time improved odor reduction is desired due to population growth, and increased odor complaints. Ozone use in a wet scrubber is a method to reduce a wide variety of odor emissions.
The Ozone Solutions:
Ozone can be dissolved into the makeup water flowing into the wet scrubber. This water should be plumbed directly into, or close to the recirculation water flow in the wet scrubber. This will allow the ozone to be sprayed into the wet scrubber contact area quickly. Make up water flowing to the wet scrubber can be plumbed through an ozone injection system for simple installation. If chemical usage is still necessary, chemicals can be delivered directly into the basin of the wet scrubber to ensure ozone does not negatively react with the chemicals.
Ozone Use in Odor Control Wet Scrubbers
Odor control wet scrubbers are commonly used for H2S removal, and other odorous compounds from rendering plants, fertilizer manufacturers, or other odor causing processes. Ozone is commonly used as a method to remove odor in other applications. Ozone is an excellent, environmentally friendly method to remove odor in a wet scrubber. Ozone is fast reacting, but is not persistent in the water, and dissipates quickly. Also there is no chemical inventory or storage of chemicals associated with ozone treatment. Odor control wet scrubbers commonly have bio fouling and slime forming inside the scrubber tower. Ozone slows this growth and removes this biological growth, increasing the efficiency of the wet scrubber.
Ozone Use in VOC Wet Scrubber
VOC wet scrubbers are used to remove Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC’s) or convert VOC’s to CO2. Sometimes VOC scrubbers are refereed to as CO2scrubbers. A common use of VOC scrubbers is Ethanol plants. Ozone is very effective at converting VOC’s into CO2 by bonding with the carbon atom in the complex VOC molecules. When ozone is used within a wet scrubber ozone and water are used together with great efficiency to oxidize VOC’s and other hazardous gases.
- Lower operating costs due to lower chemical usage
- Improved efficiency of wet scrubber by increasing oxidation
- Lower maintenance due to lower scaling and biological growth
- No chemical storage or transportation
- Ozone offers a safe alternative to chemicals
- Lower waste water discharge costs
The Use of Ozone in a Wet Scrubber
Ozone gas is generated on-site by an ozone generator. Compressed air is supplied to an oxygen concentrator that will provide concentrated oxygen for ozone generation. This oxygen will be passed through an ozone generator cell to convert this oxygen (O2) into ozone (O3). This ozone gas will then be dissolved into water using an ozone injection system. Typically all make-up water will flow through the ozone injection system into the wet scrubber. The goal is to achieve very high dissolved ozone levels into the water flowing to the wet scrubber.
All excess ozone that is off-gassed in the ozone injection process can be plumbed to the wet scrubber sump and be bubbled into the sump using a bubble diffuser. This ozone gas can help treat the sump water, while off-gassing into the air stream to directly react with the polluted gas flow.
To see how ozone can be used in your wet scrubber contact Ozone Solutions today!